BACKGROUND OF THE RESEARCH | picknpaper

BACKGROUND OF THE RESEARCH | picknpaper

A STUDY ON THE IMPORTANCE OF REGULATION LAWS ON WASTE DISPOSAL IN WATER AND LAND BODIES

 

BACKGROUND OF THE RESEARCH

 

India being a third world developing country faces several problems with respect to proper waste management. Poor governance, insufficient support in favour of proper waste management, lack of design, planning and skilled personnel; insufficient use of the 3R’s of waste management has created the problem of poor waste management.

The failure of the government institutions to properly address these problems has caused major environmental and health issues in the country which in turn is affecting the economic structure of the country by causing negative impact on the tourism, agricultural exports and clean industries .

This is the present situation of the Indian subcontinent regarding the waste disposal and management on the land or water bodies. The situation is becoming more critical with the growth in (Demirbas 2011) population, which is causing more discharge of wastes. Another reason that is affecting the waste disposal management is the changing life style of the people. People these days are depending heavily on the packaged foods, plastic goods and other polythene or fibre stuffs which are non-biodegradable and thus cause pollution on the land or water bodies.

AIM & OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH

The main aim and objectives of the research are:

1. To identify the proper household practices necessary for efficient waste management

2. To understand the perception of the people towards the current practices of management of wastes

3. To enhance the awareness among the people of the country regarding the regulation of laws in the waste disposal techniques in land and water bodies.

4. To implement most effective waste management methods in order to decrease pollution and improve the ecological conditions of the country

RESEARCH PROBLEM

India being a third world developing country faces several problems with respect to proper waste management. The failure of the government institutions to properly address these problems has caused major environmental and health issues in the country which in turn is affecting the economic structure of the country by causing negative impact on the tourism, agricultural exports and clean

industries. People these days are depending heavily on the packaged foods, plastic goods and other polythene or fibre stuffs which are non-biodegradable and thus cause pollution on the land or water bodies. Thus the implementation of most effective waste management methods in order to decrease pollution and improve the ecological conditions of the country has become something of utmost importance (Saxena et al. 2010).

LITERATURE REVIEW

In 2011 Wath, gives a survey report over Municipal strong waste administration in Indian urban communities. In his report, they examine the Qualitative and quantitative examination, attributes and creation, Storage and gathering, Transfer and transport, transfers and treatment of Municipal Solid Waste. The study is closed with a couple of productive recommendations, which might be advantageous to encourage the capable powers/specialists to work towards facilitate change of the present framework (Wath et al. 2011).

Gupta, Yadav and Kumar 2015 assess the current situation with city strong waste administration in Delhi. Since Delhi is the most populated and urbanized city in India around 3.85%, twofold the national normal. Delhi is additionally a business center point, giving business openings and quickening the pace of urbanization, bringing about a comparing increment in metropolitan solid waste (MSW) management. Without further ado, the occupants of Delhi create around 7000 tons/day of MSW, which is anticipated to rise to 17,000–25,000 tons/day by the year 2021. MSW administration has stayed a standout amongst the most dismissed territories of the city framework in Delhi. Around 70–80% of created MSW is gathered and the lay stays unattended on roads or in little open dumps. Just 9% of the gathered MSW is dealt with through fertilizing the soil, the main treatment choice, and rest is arranged in uncontrolled open landfills at the edges of the city .they additionally abridges the proposed strategies and activities of the Government of Delhi and the City Corporation of Delhi to enhance the current MSW administration framework (Gupta et al. 2015).

Kalyani and Pandey gives near comparative details regarding Landfills, Incineration, and Composting hones in India from Municipal strong waste administration – From waste transfer to recuperation of assets. Remembering the costs that would be acquired by the particular governments, and distinguish the most conservative and most ideal alternative to battle the waste transfer issue (Kalyani & Pandey 2014).

METHODOLOGY

The type of research which will be utilized as a part of this study will be exploratory also the distinct investigation. The exploratory research will help the scientist in getting new bits of knowledge of the point and also it finds new thoughts and increment the learning, while the unmistakable investigation is useful in portraying the data got from the members in the more exact way. The expressive examination is helpful for getting the present marvel regarding the factors picked. This exploration will incorporate both the essential study and investigation of optional information for writing a review. For the primary type of research literature review will be conducted and for the secondary type of research the data will be collected by surveying different municipalities and localities to understand the perception of the people as well as the government(DiCicco-Bloom & Crabtree 2006).

The sampling of the data will be conducted as per the data collected from the survey. The data will be sampled into different types basing on the perception of the people to judge in which areas the waste management is most poor.

RATIONALE OF RESEARCH

India being a third world developing country faces several problems with respect to proper waste management. The failure of the government institutions to properly address these problems has caused major environmental and health issues in the country which in turn is affecting the economic structure of the country by causing negative impact on the tourism, agricultural exports and clean industries. People these days are depending heavily on the packaged foods, plastic goods and other polythene or fibre stuffs which are non-biodegradable and thus cause pollution on the land or water bodies. Thus the implementation of most effective waste management methods in order to decrease pollution and improve the ecological conditions of the country has become something of utmost importance.

Thus, the research will be focused on the importance of regulation of laws in the waste disposal in the water bodies or land and also how it can be improved by considering the latest methods of waste management.

REFERENCES

Demirbas, A., 2011. Waste management, waste resource facilities and waste conversion processes. Energy Conversion and Management, 52(2), pp.1280–1287.

DiCicco-Bloom, B. & Crabtree, B.F., 2006. The qualitative research interview. Medical Education, 40(4), pp.314–321.

Gupta, N., Yadav, K.K. & Kumar, V., 2015. A review on current status of municipal solid waste management in India. Journal of Environmental Sciences (China), 37, pp.206–217.

Kalyani, K.A. & Pandey, K.K., 2014. Waste to energy status in India: A short review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 31, pp.113–120.

Saxena, S., Srivastava, R.K. & Samaddar, a B., 2010. Sustainable Waste Management Issues in India. The IUP Journal of Soil and Water Sciences, III(1), pp.72–90.

Wath, S.B., Dutt, P.S. & Chakrabarti, T., 2011. E-waste scenario in India, its management and implications. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 172(1–4), pp.249–262.